The incidence of childhood, adolescent, and young adult (AYA) cancers have been increasing since 1975. In 2014, an estimated 10 450 and 5330 new cancers will be diagnosed among children aged birth–14 and adolescents aged 15 to 19 years old, respectively. For young adults aged 20 to 34 years of age, nearly 40 000 new cases are diagnosed each year. As treatments have advanced, survival rates in children and young adults with cancer are increasing, with 5‐year survival rates at ≈80%.

Authors: Amy M. Berkman and Susan G. Lakoski

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